• The core area(s) are under formal protection and are usually national, provincial or private wildlife reserves that contributes to the conservation of landscapes, ecosystems, and species.

• The buffer zone surrounds or adjoins the core areas, and is natural with limited development and is used for activities compatible with sound ecological practices that can reinforce scientific research, monitoring, training and education.

• The transition area are places where the greatest activity is allowed, fostering economic and human development that is socio-culturally and ecologically sustainable.


Every biosphere reserve is unique and has to focus on issues that are relevant and important for their area if it’s to achieve its desired state and purpose.

Under the MAB programme biosphere reserves have to fulfill three interconnected functions for the benefit of people, the environment and the economy.

During 2018 a series of stakeholder workshops were carried out to determine the priority issues for the Waterberg Biosphere Region. These form part of the WBR Strategy and Action Plan (2018-2023) and provides a framework to focus effort and resources to bring benefits for people, wildlife and the environment.

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Natural/Cultural/Heritage Conservation Programme

Natural/Cultural/Heritage Sites/ Resources Profiling Project

Sites/Resources Preservation and Promotion Project

Development and Registration of Sites/ Resources Project

Responsible Tourism Programme

Develop Tourism Profile of the WBR Project

Tourism Projects/ Products Packaging Project

Marketing the WBR Project

Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Programme

Air Quality Management Project

Hazardous Areas Management Project

Climate Change Mitigation Project

Water Utilization/ Demand Management Project

Biodiversity/Bioprospecting/Wildlife Economy Programme

Environmental Monitoring Project

Bioprospecting and Trade Project

Propagation of Indigenous Plant Species Project

Transformation of Wildlife Economy Project

Natural Resources Conservation Programme

Land Owners Conservation Guidelines Project

Conservation Incentives Project

Waste Management Project

Alien and Invasive Species Management Project

Wetland Systems Management Project

Community Empowerment and Development Programme

Community Engagement Project

Environmental Education and Training Project at the community level

Skills Development Project

Community Tourism Development Project

Land Reform Support Project

Indigenous Agricultural Development Project

Business and Entrepreneurship Development Project

Decent and Sustainable Jobs Creation Project

Governance and Administration

Governance and Administration

Stakeholder engagement/ communication plan

WBR governance model

WBR operations plan

Project fundraising

UNESCO periodic reviews